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Mummified boy (Panechates)

Significance 

The mummified boy, Panechates, has been a cornerstone of the Museum of Vancouver’s exhibits from 1922 until the late 1960s and again since 1994. Generations of Vancouver schoolchildren have visited the mummy and thrilled at the simultaneous notions that this was a dead child and one from an ancient and mysterious civilization. Dr. G.E. Kidd purchased the mummy in 1915 while in Egypt with the Royal Engineers. Dr. Kidd unwrapped the head and removed the lock of hair from the top of the head. The wrappings are linen, and his name Panechates, son of Hatres was written on his chest in Greek script.

After moving to Vancouver and joining the Board of the (then) Arts, Historical and Scientific Association of Vancouver, Dr. Kidd donated the mummy to it. In 1951 the mummy was X-rayed and discovered to have broken bones. In 2004 and 2006 the mummy was studied by CT-scanning. The mummy’s injuries were found to be much more extensive, with severe fractures to his skull and both femurs. Studies of his teeth and bones showed that he was 7 to 8 years of age when he died. The writing style and mummification techniques showed that he died sometime between the late 2nd Century and mid-1st Century BCE.

Date Range 
Late 2nd Century to mid 1st Century BCE (previously thought to be 1st to 3rd Century ACE)
Place of Manufacture 
Bought in Luxor, Egypt by Dr. G. E. Kidd in 1915
Dimensions 
108 cm long, 23 cm wide
Museum Location 
Storage
Catalog Number 
QFA 233
Donor 
Dr. G.E. Kidd, 1922